What is saffron and everything you need to know about it

Saffron is a spice obtained from the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus flower, which is also known as kesar. This plant is native to Southwest Asia and has been used for centuries in cooking, medicinal practices, and as a dye. Saffron is known for its unique flavor, aroma, and color and golden yellow color, making it a valuable ingredient in a wide variety of cuisines, especially Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Indian cuisines.


Types of saffron

  • Super precious saffron
  • precious saffron
  • Sargol saffron
  • Pushal saffron
  • Saffron Bunch

Super Nagin saffron

One of the best and highest quality types of saffron is Super Nagin saffron. This unique Iranian saffron has long and rather elongated stems.
This type is the result of the first harvest of land.

Negin Saffron

Nagin saffron is a kind of high-quality saffron that is known for its long, thin and straight strands, as well as its dark red color and high concentration of crocin, the pigment responsible for the distinctive color and taste of saffron. Negin saffron is one of the best types of saffron.

Sargol saffron

Sargol is a type of saffron that specifically refers to the dry and unmixed stigmas of the crocus flower. It is considered the highest grade of saffron because only the red part of the stigma is used and all the yellow or white parts are removed.

Pushal saffron

In this type of saffron, the red stigma of saffron threads and 1 to 3 mm of creamy yellow color.

Bunch saffron

Bunch saffron is another type of saffron that is also obtained from the stigmas of crocus flowers. It is called bunch saffron because the dried stigmas are put together in small bunches instead of being separated or powdered.

Who are the exporters of saffron?

The main saffron exporting countries are Iran, Spain and India. Iran is the largest producer of saffron in the world and accounts for more than 90% of the world production of saffron. Spain is the second largest producer and India the third largest producer and exporter of spices.

Iranian saffron

This type of saffron is considered one of the best saffrons and is famous for its strong aroma and vivid red color. It is produced in Iran, which is the largest producer of saffron in the world.

Spanish saffron

Spanish saffron grows in the La Mancha region of Spain and is known for its milder flavor and lighter color.

Kashmiri saffron

This type of saffron is grown in the Kashmir Valley in India and is known for its rich, sweet flavor and deep red color.